This Issues Report presents the outcome of a diagnostic assessment of Indigenous People’s (IPs) development issues on the African continent. The assessment was conducted by the Compliance and Safeguards Division of the African Development Bank. The issues report is intended to provide the Bank with basic information on the Indigenous People on the continent, their recognition among the Bank’s Regional Member Countries (RMCs)3 and their participation in socio economic development. The report also presents technical options and recommendations that are important in guiding the Bank in the future revision of its policies, procedures and guidelines intended to mitigate undesirable effects of development on the Indigenous People found in its RMCs. This issues report finalised in 2015 was prepared to serve as a basis for the Bank’s deliberations on the issue of Indigenous People in Africa.