Land governance directly influences food security in Ghana. The main issues relate to access to and control over land in more densely populated areas. It affects secured tenure particularly for women and smallholder farmers and users in areas where Paramount chiefs are powerful and engage in land transactions directly. Several large scale land transactions have occurred in the last few years, mostly for agricultural investment purposes. Conflicts over access also occur between different land owning groups with young people, the youth not having secured access to land. Or between smallholder farmers, women and cattle herdsmen searching for new land.A complex mix of constitutional, legislative and customary procedures and frameworks is the basis for land governance and administration in Ghana. So, the current land administration system suffers from legal pluralism resulting in overlapping claims which can render investment risky and creates insecurity of tenure for the poor. The Government of Ghana is undertaking long-term reforms through the Land Administration Project (LAP) since 2003 up to date to implement the National Land Policy and undertake institutional reforms. The reform aims at mainstreaming efficiency in the Ghana Land Administration systems to ensure land tenure security for all. The land reform process requires a considerable period of time as a result of implementation capacity gaps and limited impacts. Ghana’s land policies do not focus directly on the issue of food security and programmes directed at food security such as FASDEP II (which includes some land issues), GCAP, MOFA (Block farm programme and the Youth in agriculture programme),METASIP and other Donor supported programmes focus on land administration and ownership and their effects and implications for food security.