Mozambique has a land governance system that allows for strong protection of community- based land rights, community consultation with respect to partnerships with investors, and secure rights to land for investors. Due to its progressive policy and legal provisions for sustainable and equitable land governance, Mozambique’s legal and policy framework has been substantially referred in research works, both at the national and international level. Moreover, the Constitution of the Republic has always given special attention to agriculture as the engine for national economic development and as basis for food security and rural poverty reduction. Security of land tenure rights for national citizens and local communities, use of land for social and economic development, and promotion of land-based economic development through partnerships between communities and investors form the pillars of land governance in the country.However, the implementation of legislation has been slow and the capacity among state actors is weak. Tensions exist between a government that is keen to promote foreign investment and agro-industry versus a rural population that is insufficiently aware of, and is not always able to exercise, their legal rights. This is resulting in frequent conflicts between the government, investors and communities. To overcome this problem, a support program was put in place in 2006: the community land fund (iTC), to help the government to assist communities with the delimitation of their land. More recently (2015) the government launched a campaign with the purpose of massifying land titling, with a target of 5000 titles issued until 2020. About ten percent of the communities have their rights recorded. Moreover, state agencies involved in land administration and management need to have sufficient capacity to provide appropriate and accessible services to both communities and investors.