Mining deposits intersect with the traditionallands of Indigenous Peoples worldwide. In Australia, for example, it has been estimatedby the Minerals Council of Australia that 60 percent of mining operations neighbour Aboriginalcommunities.1Mining companies that areresponsive to Indigenous Peoples’ aspirationsfor development are not only more likely tosuccessfully contribute to sustainable andequitable outcomes, but also gain communitysupport and build a positive reputation in aregion or country that improves access to futureresources. In addition, companies that adoptgood practice in relation to interactions withIndigenous Peoples are likely to be consideredas ‘responsible companies’ which in turn, hasreputational benefits. Also Importantly, it is now widely accepted that companies have aresponsibility to respect human rights, includingthe rights of Indigenous Peoples. This Guide presents an updated version ofICMM’s 2010 Good Practice Guide IndigenousPeoples and mining. Like the earlier version ofthe Guide, it is intended as a good practiceresource for mining companies and others withan interest in ensuring that mining projectsbring long-term mutual benefits to companiesand host communities.