Hydropower developers harness the power of water to generate electricity, an essential service with the potential to play a pivotal role in society’s sustainable development. Hydropower developments come in a wide variety of scales, shapes and forms to suit the specific context and need. In some cases, the land most suited to hydropower development may already be occupied or used, which raises the possibility that people will need to move. Resettlement has been a contentious issue associated with hydropower and other major infrastructure developments. Estimates by the World Commission on Dams indicated that large dams may have displaced between 40 and 80 million people from 1950 to 2000 (WCD 2000).