This guidance aims to enhance human rights due diligence (HRDD) in CAS by drawing on knowledge and lessons learned in the field of peace, conflict and human rights, and providing additional considerations for companies and practitioners. Drawing extensively on Alert’s experience working with companies in a range of conflict settings, as well as the knowledge and experience of the companies, the guidance will help companies understand how a specific conflict environment affects their impacts on human rights, and the ways in which the type of conflict informs how they conduct their human rights due diligence. More specifically, the guidance will do the following: • Help companies from the extractive sector understand any conflicts in their operating context and identify the implications these have for HRDD. • Provide tools, case studies and recommendations to help companies and other practitioners conducting HRDD in CAS. • Contribute to ongoing debates on business, human rights and conflict sensitivity. The guidance is based on lessons learned over ten years of working with more than 18 companies across 15 countries, spanning four continents, and draws heavily from examples of places where Alert and others have worked.