Successful mine closure is a vital part of the full life cycle of a mining operation. Preparing for closure starts early and continues throughout the mine life until all closure activities have been completed according to the agreed-upon closure criteria. Mine closure is a multifaceted activity that includes engaging with communities and stakeholders, reclaiming and stabilizing a mine site such that it is environmentally sound and productive into the future, and supporting the post mining resilience of communities. Every mining operation is unique, and the approaches to closure must be tailored to the environmental, social, economic, and regulatory context of each mine. This case study of the Golden Pride open pit gold mine in Tanzania provides good examples of how closure and post-mining transition can be done effectively and inclusively. It outlines the steps that were taken by the mine, the Government of Tanzania, and local communities to define and implement the closure plan for the operation. It provides a summary of the steps taken to define post-mining land use, implement closure activities, and support opportunities for the post-mining resilience of communities. It concludes with an outline of lessons learned and policy implications for government, including the importance of early engagement with communities, the need for adaptable post-mining land-use plans, the benefits of progressive reclamation, the importance of addressing post-closure site safety and security, and the value of applying international best practices to mine closure.