Induced impacts, a form of indirect impacts, result from activities that occur in response to socio-economic opportunities associated with new development: e.g., giving access to previously remote areas and untapped resources, potential employment, and/or enterprises to service new settlements. Induced impacts may be attributable to a project’s facilities and activities, or to “associated facilities” that are not funded by the project, but without which the project would not be viable, e.g., an export pipeline needed to make an oil production facility economic. Induced activities are not part of the project scope, design, or objectives and may not be essential for it to operate. In effect, they compound impacts from project and associated activities and result in cumulative impacts. Induced impacts can occur in different phases of development and to different extents, leading to land- and resource-use changes. They are difficult to predict accurately and present challenges for mitigation. Apportioning responsibility for these impacts is a challenge, as both developers and authorities may consider induced impacts to be outside their management control or responsibility. Induced impacts thus often “fall through the cracks” and go unmitigated.