This report represents a preliminary output from an applied research project undertaken by the Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining (CSRM) at The University of Queensland and funded by a partnership between the Minerals Council of Australia (MCA) and Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT). Scholarly literature on the specific topic of mining, gender and agreement making suggests that women’s participation in company-community agreement processes is diverse and is determined by a number of contextual factors. These factors include: local culture; socio-economic environment; social status; historical precedent; and legal, political and organisational settings. While there are several standout exceptions that have been documented in the literature, most evidence suggests that in the context of mining, these and other organisational and industry-related factors work together to exacerbate gender inequality, including in agreement processes. In particular, therights, needs and priorities of womenare often excluded.