The purpose of this Mother Manual is to help you produce a Facilitator’s Manual adapted to the social, economic, political and cultural conditions in which you work. The Facilitators’ Manual is the core material for a Reflect programme. It has a sequence of ‘Units’ (perhaps 20 or 30). Each Unit in the facilitators’ manual outlines how the participants in a literacy circle can collectively construct a graphic (e.g. a map or matrix) which they can then ‘reflect’ upon, discuss and analyse. The facilitators’ manual gives clear guidelines on how to coordinate this process and how the facilitator can use the product of each Unit (e.g.a household map or crop matrix) for doing basic work on reading, writing and numeracy. In the three pilot programmes, the facilitators’ manuals were each prepared in rural areas on a portable computer by a small core group (of between four and eight people) working over three to four weeks. Most had not been seriously involved in literacy work before. The product in each case was very different. The facilitators’ manual for Usulutan in El Salvador for example, included land tenancy maps, displacement maps and matrices on human rights; in Uganda the manual included gender workload calendars, crop matrices and resource maps; and in contrast in Bangladesh the manual had a focus on numeracy, with income and expenditure calendars, projections of loan use and household decision-making matrices. The facilitators’ manual will be different for every different country, region or major cultural group. A manual for an urban area will be different from a manual for a rural area. Fishing communities will want to address different themes to pastoralists. Young people have different interests to older members of the community.