The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) has developed this Resettlement Guidance and Good Practice document with the aim of sharing some of the practical experiences and good practice it has gained to date on resettlement planning and implementation, the lessons learned and some useful tools. It gives examples of potential outcomes, positive and negative, which may be useful when carrying out resettlement and livelihood restoration as a result of land acquisition. The principles used throughout the document are based on the Bank’s Performance Requirement 5 (PR5) of the Environmental and Social Policy (2014), which are described in section 2. This document expands on some of the key concepts that underpin PR5, however it does not aim to clarify all terms and concepts from it, nor to address all possible steps in resettlement planning and implementation or provide details on each step in the process. A list of other available resources which provide detailed resettlement planning guidance is included at the end of this document.