Scoping is the process of identifying and prioritising the key issues associated with a project and the extent to which each will be investigated in a subsequent impact assessment (IA). Scoping is important because it focuses further study on the potentially significant impacts of a proposed project and ensures that proportionate depth and scope is given to: QThe sensitivity, quality, and values associated with the receiving biophysical, cultural and social environment.QThe extent (magnitude, intensity, duration) of the likely impact.QThe likely consequence or change to the environment.QThe resilience of the environment to cope with impacts/change. Scoping focuses IA on the matters that will be considered by the decision maker when determining whether or not to approve a project and in determining what conditions to apply. Scoping provides greater certainty for the proponent in setting out the work required for the IA, and limits changes to IA terms of reference to substantial new information or significant changes in project design. It also ensures the concerns of the affected community are considered early in the IA process.