Several international instruments protect the human right to an adequate standard of living and, as a component of it, the right to adequate housing. This includes the right to protection against arbitrary or unlawful interference with privacy, family, home, and security of tenure. This personal right frequently comes into conflict with activities that are intended to serve the public good, such as the construction of large dams or highways or the setting up of large-scale mining or power projects. Such development and infrastructure projects, often supported by monetary assistance from international development organisations, may involve the eviction and displacement of people. This guide examines the rights to compensation and resettlement of persons affected by development-based evictions and displacement, or project-affected persons.