Indigenous peoples today are faced with numerous challenges as their lands, territories and resources are targeted for exploitation by corporations, governments and other external entities. Indigenous peoples all over the world increasingly have to contend with business interests wanting to tap into the last reserves of the world’s natural resources and biological diversity, which indigenous peoples have protected and nurtured for many generations. Through their traditional and sustainable development practices, indigenous peoples were able to maintain their ancestral domains for their own survival and for the sake of future generations. However, corporations have come in the name of “development”, to extract and exploit these resources on a large scale, and in the process displacing and desecrating indigenous communities, violating indigenous peoples’ rights and depriving them of their means of survival. It is a stark reality that indigenous peoples in Asia are constantly and increasingly exposed to threats of land grabbing and destruction of their resources without their Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC). Indigenous communities have many experiences wherein proponents of mining, plantations, dams, national parks, hunting reserves and other development projects have simply remained indifferent to undertaking consultations with the affected communities, much less obtaining their consent before proceeding with the project. These bad practices have led to conflicts and sometimes even killing of indigenous leaders, forced displacement and relocation without proper compensation, loss of traditional livelihoods, devaluation and loss of indigenous cultural and spiritual values related to ancestral land, and ultimately posing an imminent danger to indigenous peoples’ identities as a whole. This has resulted in widespread resistance by indigenous peoples against encroachments into their communities and the assertion of their rights to land, resources and self-determination, including the right to FPIC.