This report informs mining company staff of the potential gender impacts of mining projects and introduces some tools and approaches that they can use to conduct a gender impact assessment of these projects. These tools should be of particular interest to community relations advisors as they are designed to help incorporate gender into community assessment and planning tools including social baseline studies, social impact assessments and risk analysis, community mapping exercises, and monitoring and evaluation plans. By undertaking a gender impact assessment mining companies can ensure that their activities respect the rights of women and men; promote women’s empowerment and participation in community decision making processes; and increase the benefi ts of mining. The report also encourages the informed and meaningful participation of women and men from mine affected communities in gender impact assessment processes and supports the achievement of gender equality. This report presents a gender impact assessment framework to help assess and then avoid the potential negative gender impacts of a mining project.